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Cape Chirakman

 

The unique appearance of the Kavarna beach in the port is determined by the silhouette of the plateau, which juts out into the sea. They call it Chirakman. Researchers still argue about the origin of its name. One popular version is that 'chirakman' means 'torch', 'light'. This name is associated with its role from deep antiquity as a guide for ships at sea. Unfortunately, during the Antiquity after one of the largest earthquakes the front of the ancient plateau collapsed. Thus the sea swallowed part of the famous settlement Bizone. It was established in V century BC. in place of the old Thracian settlement by Greek settlers from Mesambriya (today's town of Nessebar). They were impressed by the cozy valley enclosed by Chirakman and Chair burun. Wealth and flowering of Bisone are demonstrated in archaeological excavations. Findings - expensive vessels, magnificent jewelry, weapons, luxury items, which today can be seen at the historical museum of Kavarna prove that Bisone traded with all known centers of the Black and Mediterranean seas. About its role as an important port in the ancient world witness the ancient maps, which place Bisone between Odessos (Varna) and Kalatis (Mangalia).

Earliest fortress walls of Chirakman were built before V century as part of the Byzantine system strengthening northwest Black Sea coast. After the integration of the region with Bulgaria the stronghold Chirakman gradually had become one of the most important medieval castles.

The magnificent building which remains today can be seen on the plateau, a huge amount coins, extensive necropolis, luxury and wells, provoke specialists to express the assumption that on cape Chirakman was located Karvuna fortress, which gave the name of Karvuna region mentioned in the ‘Dubrovnik deed’ of Ivan Assen II. Although this thesis is still controversial, this medieval city was of great importance during crucial period of the Second Bulgarian country. Certainly it was within the Dobruzhan despoty and was a favorite place of the son of Dobrotitsa- Ivanko Terter. The historical sources the town is mentioned as Kariava, Gavarna, Karnava.

500 m. west of the front part of Chirakman is detected the largest necropolis of the XIV-XVII century. Archeologists have studied 960 graves, where are found not only unique burial gifts gold earrings, bronze and copper rings, wooden combs with polychromatic decoration and gold inlay, but traces of extremely interesting rituals associated with the beliefs of people. It is perhaps the only place in Bulgaria where is found evidence of the cult to the fire. In almost all graves were placed flints, so called 'Perun`s arrows’ or translated into plain language - instruments of God Perun, with which it sends people cleaning power of fire. Other necropolis is registered at 300 meters west of Late Mediaeval one. There is found a treasure of 36 silver coins of Ioan Alexander and Michael (XIV century). An impressive fact about Chirakman is that there are found more than 70 different types of coins.

Moreover, in 1902 in the neighboring upland is found big gold treasure. It consisted of a golden crown, golden container with diameter at about 25 cm, on which there was an image of chariots with three horses and a golden statuette of a lion with a length of 20 cm. In the treasure there is a set of ornaments for the trappings, among which stands out an ornament shaped as a head of griffin. Treasure was made at the end of IV century BC. May be it comes from one of goldsmiths` workshops in the town Bisone. It proves that there lived rich Thracian aristocrats whose magnificent jewelry has yet to be found in the region of Kavarna.